Biomass vs Biofuel vs Bioenergy vs Biogas: Differences, & Comparison

In the guide below, we briefly outline the differences and similarities between biomass vs biofuel vs bioenergy vs biogas.

We also indicate how they relate to one another.



Biomass is organic material, and is considered to be ‘renewable’

It mainly comes from different types of plants, and also algae (although some reports indicate it can also come from animals)

Biomass is the material that all three of biofuel, bioenergy and biogas are derived from

A range of ‘bioproducts’ (commodities) are also derived from biomass

We’ve provided more information about what biomass is, and examples of different types of biomass in this guide



Biofuels are fuels derived from biomass

Biomass goes through a conversion process to become a refined biofuel product

Biofuels are commonly used for transportation in vehicles as fuel

Two common examples of biofuels are ethanol, and also biodiesel

We’ve provided more information about biofuels like ethanol and biodiesel in this guide


Bioenergy (Biopower)

Bioenergy is also referred to as biopower

It is energy that is derived from biomass

Energy generation from biomass can produce heat, or electricity

There’s multiple ways to release the energy contained in bioenergy (which gets stored in biomass from the process of photosynthesis)

We’ve provided more information about what bioenergy can be used for and the methods of power generation in this guide



Biogas is gas (mainly methane and carbon dixoide) captured from the anaerobic digestion of organic waste and organic matter

The gas is an energy source which can be used for heat or electricity (for use in engines, microturbines, and fuel cells)

But, there’s also liquid and solid components (called digestate) produced from the break down of organic matter (separate to the gas released) that can be used as a soil amendment

We’ve provided more information about raw biogas, biomethane and also converted biogas in this guide


Biomass vs Bioenergy vs Biofuel vs Biogas – Similarities & Differences


The similarities are that all three of bioenergy, biofuel and biogas are derived from biomass material

They are all considered to be ‘renewable’ in this regard too



The main differences are that:

– Biomass is the material used to produce the other three

i.e. these other three products are derived from biomass, and therefore rely on biomass


– Bioenergy, biofuels and biogas are all produced in different ways

As an example, biofuels require their own conversion process, whereas biogas is produced from anaerobic digestors


– Bioenergy, biofuels and biogas are used across different industries and for different applications

As an example, biofuels might be used much more heavily for transportation and vehicles, whilst bioenergy might mainly be used for heat or electricity generation 


More About Biomass, Biofuels, Bioenergy & Biogas

The guides below offer more insight on biomass and biomass derived energy technologies:

Potential Pros & Cons Of Bioenergy & Biofuels

Potential Pros & Cons Of Biogas

Is Biomass, Biofuel, Bioenergy & Biogas Sustainable?

Fossil Fuels vs Biomass, Biofuels, Bioenergy & Biogas: Comparison, Differences, & Which Is Better?




1. Various ‘Better Meets Realty’ guides and associated sources

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