How Companies/Businesses Can Be More Sustainable: Key Ways

Sustainability for businesses has it’s list of pros and cons to consider.

If companies choose to go down that route, there’s a number of ways companies and businesses can be more sustainable.

In this guide, we list a few of those key ways.


Summary – How Companies & Businesses Can Be More Sustainable

Ways that companies and businesses might become more sustainable, might include but aren’t limited to:


– More efficient energy use

– Use of cleaner energy sources



– Use freshwater more sustainably and efficiently

– Treating and re-using waste water


Pollution & Environmental Damage

– Minimizing different types of pollution, such as water pollution, air pollution, and general waste pollution

– Reducing greenhouse gas emissions



– Reducing total waste

– Managing generated waste more effectively, or in a more sustainable way


Company/Business Specific Operations

– Different industries may have different key sustainability factors or metrics/indicators that the companies and businesses in that industry might focus on


1. More Efficient Energy Use

There’s several ways to do this, but one example might be:

– With more efficient electricity use in an office set out by installing energy efficient lighting, devices, and technology like timers 


2. Use Of Cleaner Energy Sources

As one example:

– An business may be using electricity from the grid, but may also choose to install a secondary solar panel setup that can supply a portion of energy for business operations throughout the year 


3. Use Freshwater More Sustainably & Efficiently

There’s several ways to do this.

A few ways might be to:

– Install water efficient devices and systems

– Look into the option of rainwater harvesting


4. Treating & Re-using Wastewater

Waste water contributes to both water scarcity and water pollution.

Some waste water can be treated, and some can’t

Some waste water can be re-used, and some can’t

If waste water can be treated before being discharged, it might decrease water pollution and other types of pollution.

If waste water can be re-used, it means that new fresh water doesn’t have to be used as frequently.


5. Minimizing Different Types Of Pollution

Such as water pollution, air pollution, and general waste pollution.

Water pollution might happen when untreated waste or waste water is discharged into the environment (such as rivers, lakes and the ocean)

Air pollution can occur via the burning of fossil fuels and other resources and materials.

There’s many different types of waste pollution that businesses can be responsible for.

Treatment of waste before it’s discharged, and waste and contaminant capture devices/systems, are two examples of ways to minimize different types of pollution.

Another indirect way might be by trying to incorporate recycled material into products and services where practical and economically feasible.


6. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

A simple way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for all companies and businesses is by partially or completely switching to cleaner energy sources like renewables.

But, reducing greenhouse gases can also be industry specific – transport and agriculture for example may have specific solutions they may focus on to reduce their carbon footprint.

Planting trees is one way companies can start an initiative/project to sequester carbon from the atmosphere.


7. Reducing Total Waste

Businesses can generally audit their processes and see where waste and loss can be reduced.

One example is for businesses that use a lot of paper – is there any way to go digital instead of having to use and dispose of paper?

Another example is businesses that use a lot of packaging like supermarkets – are there initiatives or alternatives that will cut down on the amount of packaging waste?


8. More Effective & Sustainable Waste Management

This refers to the entire waste strategy of a business.

An audit of waste generated can be a good way to understand how waste can better be sorted and sent to the right stream – general waste (which may go to landfill or incineration), recyclables, organic waste, and waste that can be reused or commercialized elsewhere.

Waste by products in some instances may also be commercialized elsewhere (like for example where fly ash from power plants is used in cement and bricks/blocks).

A rough waste hierarchy might involve:

– Avoid waste where possible

– Reduce waste where possible

– Reuse materials and products where possible

– Recycle waste and products where possible

– Send other waste to the right waste stream where possible


9. Company/Business Specific Operations

Different industries may have different key sustainability factors or metrics/indicators that the companies and businesses in that industry might focus on

A few examples of this might be:

– Decreasing deforestation for cattle farming, soy, palm and other similar operations

– Sourcing from sustainable food suppliers for restaurants, supermarkets and other ‘food’ related businesses

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